If you have recently bought an aquarium, you might not know that there are tremendous types of fish tank filters out there. It will be impossible for you to keep your aquarium clean without a filter, and it will require a lot of work. You don’t need to stress yourself. I have brought a perfect solution for all of your problems. While searching for the best filter, you might have come across the term canister filter. It is the most popular and loved filter out there. You might be thinking, what is a canister filter? What makes it popular? or how does it work? You will find the answer to all these questions in this article, so keep scrolling down.
What Is A Canister Filter?
If you have just heard the name and know nothing more about canister filters? So, before learning about how it works, let me tell you what the canister filter is. There are many different filters, each with a distinct structure and features. But the one thing they all have in common is the function. All water tank filters are designed to strain out all the impurities present in the water.
The canister filter is a particular type of aquarium filter, a bucket-shaped machine, having different kinds of filter media in it through which the water is passed so it could purify the water by filtering out all the wastes present in it. It not only removes the physical debris from the water, but it also gets rid of any detrimental chemicals which can damage the health of your beloved fishes.
Components of Canister Filter
I don’t mean it has anything more to it by calling it bucket-shaped. It has a simple structure, yet it carries out a systematic functioning. Many parts of the filter work collectively to filter the water efficiently. The following are the essential parts of a canister filter.
- Chamber is a cylindrical main body enclosure that provides a space for the filter media. The purification capacity of a canister filter depends on its chamber’s size. The greater the size, the more filter media you can put in it to filter the water.
- Filter media is the central part of the canister filter, which removes the unimportant and damaging materials from the water. There are three different types of filter media depending upon the type of substance it is filtering out: chemical, biological, and mechanical filters.
- Tubes are the two pipes that come with these canister filters. One tube brings the water into the filter, and the other takes the filtered water out into the fish tank. These tubes are attached to the inlet and outlet of this filter.
- A pump is a device that forces water to go out of the filter chamber after passing through the filter media.
The parts mentioned above are just the main ones. Many other parts might not be as big but have some importance in the functioning of this filter. The canister filter has a barrel head with a UV sterilizer on the inside, a dual valve for the output, and one for the input. The filtering component has the media, filter media tray, and a filter compartment cover. There is also a spray bar present to enjoy a few water patterns on the water’s surface.
How Does A Canister Filter Work?
Unlike other filters, you will not see much filtration going in or around the aquarium. This fact might be surprising for you. If you are staring at the box of a canister filter, trying hard to figure out how it works and how to set this up in your tank, then you are at the right place. There will be many videos out there, but reading will make it easy to understand.
The canister filter takes water from the tank and makes it pass through the filter media and then into the tank. This process of taking in and pushing out of water parallels. So, you might not notice the difference in water level. There are two tubes. One has an intake that brings the tank water into the filter with the help of gravitational force and pressure. At the same time, the other tube is attached to the outlet. The pump forces the water to flow through the media and eventually goes back to the tank after getting filtered.
The filtration process is carried out by the different media present in the chamber. The biological media provides an area for the growth of beneficial bacterias, which can clean the environment for the fishes, such as bio balls and ceramic rings. The chemical media is the one that gets rid of the harmful chemicals present in the aquarium’s environment, such as ammonia which can cause the death of life inside the tank. The mechanical media such as sponges and filter floss absorbs all the dirt and waste particles present in the water.
If you have bought an aquarium for the first time, a canister filter is undoubtedly the best option. Its maintenance and use do not require any particular skill or effort. It works based on the siphoning principle. It is the easiest to use. The canister filter doesn’t ruin the style of your aquarium, unlike those hand-on filters that don’t seem to go with the tank. The canister filter is placed beneath the tank, gets the water from the intake, and pumps it back to the tank after filtering it. I hope this article will help you understand the working of a canister filter and create and maintain a healthy life for your fish.